Taj UI MasjidOrchha TempleKanha National Park

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Madhya Pradesh Introduction


Bhopal Sanchi Gwalior Orcha
Khajuraho Indore Kanha National Park Bandavgarh National Park 

Madhya pradesh, if literally translated means "The Middle Land". Geographically, Madhya Pradesh is one of the most interesting parts of India. The northern part of the state, with Gwalior as its largest city, lies in the Indo-Gangetic plain. Much of the state, however, is upland plateaus and hills, interspersed with the deep valleys of rivers, which flow east into the Bay of Bengal and the west into the Arabian Sea. The hills are forest-clad. In fact, almost a third of India's forests are located in Madhya Pradesh. They are rich forests, consisting of some of the finest deciduous hardwoods in the world - teak, sal, hard-wickia, Indian ebony and rosewood.

The Mahadeo Hills of the Satpura Range are the home of the tiger, panther, Indian bison and the myriad herbivores, which make the jungle their home. Kipling's jungle book was sited in the Mahadev hill where the forests, wildlife and tribal are today almost exactly as they were in his time.

General information 
 

Population

60, 385, 118

Area

308, 144 sq km

Capital

Bhopal

Languages Spoken

Hindi

District

45

People Per Sq. km

196

Literacy

64.11%

Best Season

October - Mid April

Fairs and Festivals

Dance Festival of Khajuraho  
Once the capital of the great Chandela Kings, Khajuraho today is a quiet village of a few thousand people .It is also the setting of the Khajuraho Festival of Dance which draws the best classical dancers in the country every year, who perform against the spectacular backdrop of the floodlit temples. This seven-day extravaganza is a unique treat for connoisseurs from all over the world. 

Tansen Music Festival,Gwalior
The Gwalior gharana is among the most prominent arbiters of the classical style. Raja Mansingh's patronage of Dhrupad singers is well known. 
A pillar of Hindustani classical music, the great Tansen, one of the 'nine jewels' of Akbar's court, lies buried in Gwalior. The memorial to this great musician has a pristine simplicity, and is built in the early Mughal architectural style. More than a monument, the Tansen Tomb is a part of Gwalior's living cultural heritage. It is the venue of the annual Indian classical festival held here in November-December.
 
Art and Handicraft

Bamboo & Cane  

In Madhya Pradesh a community called Basor or Basod, who sell them in weekly markets, generally makes these. Shahdol, Balaghat, Mandla and Seoni regions of Madhya Pradesh are main bamboo producing centres apart from Chhattisgarh and Bastar. Here the artisans have skillfully harmonized their age-old knowledge and techniques with new designs, to meet modern market demands. The Gond, Baiga and Korku tribal communities are highly skilled in the craft of bamboo. 

Carpets  
The carpet weavers of Madhya Pradesh are undisputed masters of not only weaving carpets but dyeing also. The colouring was earlier done by means of natural dyes, but presently it is being done with synthetic dyes as well. Pattern is an integral part of knotted carpets and traditional patterns have continued with varying combinations since the last 200 years.    

Jute
 
Jute is the cheapest and most important of all textile fibers. It is used extensively in manufacturing different types of packaging material for agricultural and industrial products. Its coarse character has a unique charm while natural colour, heavy texture and twilly kind of body typify its earthiness. Jute handicrafts are available at Bhopal, Raipur, Indore and Gwalior. The items include hanging lamps, baskets, flower vases, swings, hammocks, purses, tablemats and footwear etc. 

Metalcraft  
The Metal Craft of Madhya Pradesh stands apart, in concept and workmanship alike. Metal ornaments boxes of Bundelkhand, lamps of Sarguja, rice measure bowls animal figurines of Raigarh, and sculptures of Bastar are a few examples of the ingenuity of craftsperson of Madhya Pradesh. These metal images invested with peculiar indigenous socio- religious history are considered auspicious. 

Stone Carving  
The famous rock cut temples of Vidisha, the sculptured stone temples of Khajuraho, the monuments of Orchha and Gwalior, all stand testimony to the excellence and originality of the stone carvers of Madhya Pradesh. Each region has a distinct style. Gwalior specializes in jail (lattice) work, Jabalpur and Tikamgarh in decorative items such as statues of animals and human figures and Bastar in icons of tribal gods and goddesses and memorial pillars.  

Stuffed Leather Toys  
Leatherwork has been practiced since a number of years in Madhya Pradesh. Craftspersons in Gwalior, Indore, Dewas and Bilaspur specialize in making leather shoes, jutties, leather bags, mushk etc. With time the craft has evolved and given rise to new products. Today, Indore and Dewas are making leather garments & Gwalior is making shoes on a big scale. 

Terracotta  
The colors of terracotta articles and figures vary from pink, red, brown to light and dark grey. The terra-cotta products of each region in Madhya Pradesh have their own identity and distinctiveness. The art of molding terra-cotta in Madhya Pradesh shows a mature ability, the pantheon being even more varied and localized. The famous traditional statues of elephants, serpents, birds and horses from Bastar are incomparable in simplicity. Similarly the decorative roof tiles and rukha padki of Raigarh have no equal. The life-size images of human forms are among the finest examples of Bundelkhand terra-cotta


NORTHERN STATES- Delhi -|- Hariyana  -|- Himachal -|- Jammu- Kashmir -|- Punjab  -|- 
Uttar Pradesh
-|- Uttranchal 
SOUTHERN STATES - Andaman & Nikkobar  -|- Karnataka -|- Kerala -|- Lakshdweep
Pondicherry 
-|-  Tamilnadu -|-  Andhra Pradesh
WESTERN STATES - Daman and Diu -|- Goa  -|- Gujrat  -|- Rajasthan  -|- Maharastra 
EASTERN STATES - Arunachal -|- Assam -|-  Manipur -|- Meghalaya -|- 
Mizoram
-|- Nagaland  -|- Orissa  -|- Sikkim -|- Tripura -|- West Bengal  -|- Bihar -|- Jharkhand
CENTRAL STATES- Madhya Pradesh -|-   Chattisgarh
 

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