Nalanda UnivercityBodhyagayaSanti Stup RajgirRajgir Temple

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Rajgir


Patna Vaishali Gaya Bodhgaya Nalanda Rajgir Galudih Jamshedpur

46 km from Bodhgaya, Rajgir is sacred to the memory of the founders of both Buddhism and Jainism. Rajgir today is vestiges of a legendary and historical remains like the cyclopean wall and the marks engraved in rocks.

Rajagriha in Patna district was the ancient capital city of the Magadha kings. The Buddha often came here to retreat at the Jivkamaravana monastery in a beautiful orchard. One of his most devoted and prosperous devotees, surgeon Jivaka also lived here. The rich merchant community here soon became the Buddha's followers and built many structures of typical Buddhist architecture.

The Buddha converted the Mauryan king Bimbisara, one of his most celebrated followers at the Griddhakuta hill, where he delivered many of his sermons as well. The Japanese have built a Stupa on top of the Ratnagiri hill, linked by a ropeway. After the Buddha reached 'parinirvana' his followers met at the Saptaparni cave in Rajagriha, the first Buddhist Council ever held. It was here that the teachings of the Buddha were penned down for the first time. Rajgir is also an important place of pilgrimage for the Hindus and Jains.

Santi StupHow to get there

Air
The nearest airport is at Patna 101 km. Connected with Calcutta, Bombay, Delhi, Ranchi and Lucknow

Rail

Though Rajgir itself is the railway station yet the nearest convenient railhead is at Gaya 34 km.


Road

Rajgir is connected by road to Patna 102 km, Nalanda 12 km, Gaya 34 km, Pawapuri 38 km, Bihar Sharif 25 km etc.
 

In and around

Ajatashatru's Fort
Built by Ajatashatru (6th century BC.), the king of Magadha during the Buddha's time. The 6.5 sq. m Ajatashatru's stupa is also believed to have been built by him.

Amaravana (Mango Garden)
Site of the royal physician's dispensary where the Lord Buddha was once brought to have wound dresses by Jivaka, the royal physician during the reign of Ajatashatru and Bimbisara.


Venuban site of the monastery

Venuvana Vihar built by king Bimbisara for Lord Buddha to reside. This was the king's first offering to Lord Buddha.

Bimbisara's Jail
King Bimbisara was imprisoned here by his impatient son and heir, Ajatashatru. The captive king chose this site for his incarceration. Far from this spot, he could see Lord Buddha climbing up to his mountain retreat atop the Griddhakuta hill.

Swarna Bhandar two rather strange cave chambers were hollowed out of a single massive rock. One of the chambers is believed to have been the guard room, the rear wall has two straingh vertical lines and one horizontal line cut into the rock; this 'doorway' is supposed to lead to king Bimbisara treasury.

Cyclopean Wall
Once 40 km long, it encircled ancient Rajgir. Built of massive undresses stone carefully fitted together, the wall is one of the few important pre Mauryan stone structers ever to have been found.

Jain temples 
On hill crests around Rajgir, far in the distance one can see about 26 Jain temples. They are difficult to approach for the untrained, but make exciting trekking for those in form.

Pawapuri
Pawapuri is also known as Apapuri, is a sacred Jain pilgrim centre. Jalmandir, a marble temple in the centre of a big lotus tank, is the biggest attraction here. Other places of interest here are Samosaran and Naya mandir. It was here thet Mahavir delivered his last sermon and was also cremated

 

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