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Nalanda


Patna Vaishali Gaya Bodhgaya Nalanda Rajgir Galudih Jamshedpur

Nalanda, where ruins of the great ancient university have been excavated, is situated at a distance of 90 km. south east of Patna. It falls on way to Rajgir.
Founded in the 5th centuary A.D. by the Gupta emperors. There were 1000 of students and teachers. The courses of atudy included scriptures of Buddhis, Vedas, Hetu Vidya etc. the university received royal patronage of the great emperor Harshavardhana of Kannauj and also Pala Kings. It was a great centre of learning and students from foreign countries were also attracted to this university.
Hiuen Tsang stayed here in 7th century and has left detailed description of the excellence of education and purity of monastic life practiced here. An international Centres for Buddhist Studies was established here in 1951.

General information

Altitude

67 meters

Rainfall

120 cm (June to September)

Best Season

October to March

Temperature

Summer- Max. 37.8, Min. 17.8; Winter-Max.27.8, Min.10.6

STD Code

061194

How to get there

Air
The nearest airport is at Patna 89 km. Connected to Calcutta, Ranchi, Bombay, Delhi and Lucknow

Rail
Though Rajgir (12 km) is the nearest railway station to Nalanda yet the nearest convenient railheadis at Gaya 65 km.

Road
Nalanda is connected by good road with Rajgir 12 km, Bodh Gaya 50 km, Gaya 65 km, Patna 90 km, Pawapuri 26 km, Bihar Sharif 13 km etc.

In and around

The Nalanda University Complex

The total area of the excavation is about 14 hectors. All the edifices are of red brick and the gardens are beautiful. The buildings are divided by a central walkway that goes south to north, the monasteries are east of this central alley and the temples of 'Chaiyas' to the west.

Nalanda archeological museum
Opposite the entrance to the ruins of the university and houses, it has a small but beautiful collection of Buddhist and Hindu bronzes and a number of undamaged statues of the lord Buddha that were found in the area.

Lauria Nandangarh
This site, 23 km from Bettiah and 14 km from Shikarpur, has the famous lion pillar erected by Ashoka. The 8.5 m polished sandstone column also has an edict engraved on it. Nearby there are the remains of Nandangarh Stupa, believed to contain the ashes of the Buddha.

Hieun Tsang memorial hall
A new construction in memory of the great Chinese traveller, Hieun Tsang

 

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